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2018年第2期目次及主要文章中英文摘要
责任编辑:  文章来源:  发布时间:2018-04-19 10:53  阅读次数:此处显示稿件总访问量

 
2018年第2期目次
同位素技术在环境科学研究中的应用进展........................................颜耕,周磊,陈玲(1)
废酸的综合治理与资源化研究进展..........................余辉,孙聪聪,焦少俊,等(5)
宜兴市细颗粒物化学特征和来源解析................王大春,陈璞珑,黄图南,等(11)
城市污染底泥及其蜂窝煤产品的浸出毒性研究...................论东东,夏锦梦,李玉宝(16)
粉煤灰吸附净化含铅废水实验研究................................伊元荣,郑曼迪,杜昀聪(20)
兰州市土壤中PAHs和PCBs的分布特征及风险评价...................丁海霞,陶雪梅,吕康乐,等(25)
霞湾港沉积物铅形态及垂直分布特征.................................刘荔彬,朱瑞瑞,罗岳平,等(30)
养殖对虾中抗生素的残留及其健康风险...............................王明珠,陈玲,赵宏宇,等(34)
噪声地图在环境噪声监测中的应用...........................李燕超,刘志红,仪垂杰,等(39)
环境空气中多种羰基化合物的测定..........................范智超,王斐,和莹,等(43)
基于QuEChERS提取法优化的液相色谱-串联质谱法测定水中多种除草剂..............张艳,潘静娴(46)
SPEHPLC法测定固体废物浸出液中苯酚类物质....................林建,周庆云,薛晓康,等(50)
环境中寄生虫(卵)的检测方法及回收率.......................张小琼,黄鑫,张晟,等(53)
苏州高新区典型行业VOCs排放特征及控制对策探讨...............许震,张峰,刘志伟,等(57)
引哈济党工程对苏干湖湿地天然植被的影响...........................李影,刘康,高艳,等(61)
宜兴市环保产业供给侧改革的启示与建议...................钱步云,朱轶凡,邓朝锦,等(65)
加油站在线监控模块在油气回收设施长效管理中的应用..........................卞吉玮,刘娟,黄伟民(68)
 
主要文章中英文摘要
〖篇 名〗同位素技术在环境科学研究中的应用进展
〖作 者〗颜耕,周磊,陈玲*
〖机 构〗同济大学环境科学与工程学院,污染控制与资源化研究国家重点实验室
〖摘 要〗综述了近年来同位素技术在国内外环境科学研究中的应用状况,简要介绍了同位素技术的应用原理与分析方法。总结了放射性同位素技术和稳定同位素技术在环境史重建、污染物示踪及源解析等方面的应用,重点介绍了稳定同位素技术在水、大气和土壤污染物源解析中的应用进展。对未来同位素技术在环境科学研究中的应用进行了展望,提出了多种同位素联合解析、建立和完善定量源解析模型等建议。
〖关键词〗同位素技术;环境史重建;污染物示踪;源解析
Abstract〗This article summarized the application situation of isotope technology in environmental science research in recent years, introduced briefly the principle and analysis of isotope technology. The application of radioactive isotope technology and stable isotope technology in environmental history reconstruction, pollutant tracing and source apportionment were reviewed primarily. It focused on stable isotope technology in pollutant source apportionment from water, air and soil environment. Finally, future applications of isotope technology in environmental science were discussed, and multiple isotopes joint analysis and quantitative source apportionment model were suggested.
Key words〗Isotope technology; Environmental history reconstruction; Pollutant tracing; Source apportionment
〖基金〗国家科技支撑计划基金资助项目(2012BAJ24B00)
 
〖篇 名〗废酸的综合治理与资源化研究进展
〖作 者〗余辉1,孙聪聪2*,焦少俊2,赵泽华2,李兵2
〖机 构〗1.江苏省固体废物监督管理中心 2.环境保护部南京环境科学研究所
〖摘 要〗通过对废酸处置行业的现状调查研究,探讨了双极膜法、结晶法、中和法、喷雾焙烧法、离子交换法、化学转化法等典型废酸处置工艺的特点及存在的问题。以提高环境和经济效益为前提,针对废酸处置行业普遍存在的重金属处理问题,提出将电解法、双极膜法和离子交换法等关键技术集成和改性,形成具有耐酸和重金属高效去除等能力的针对废酸特点的新工艺等建议。
〖关键词〗废酸;行业现状;处置工艺
Abstract〗According to current situation investigation, the characteristics and problems of typical waste acid disposal methods such as bipolar membrane, crystallization, neutralization, roasting, ion exchange and chemical conversion were discussed. In order to increase environmental and economic benefits, it was suggested that electrolytic method, bipolar membrane method and ion exchange method should be integrated and modified for the abilities of acid resisting and efficient removal of heavy metal.
Key words〗Waste acid; Industry status; Disposal method
〖基金〗环境保护部“典型危险废物无害化处置及资源化利用污染控制技术研究”基金资助项目(2033001009)
 
 
〖篇 名〗宜兴市细颗粒物化学特征和来源解析
〖作 者〗王大春1,陈璞珑2*,黄图南3,王体健2,史文科1,史梦伟1
〖机 构〗1.宜兴市环境监测站 2.南京大学大气科学学院 3.南京大学环境规划设计研究院有限公司
〖摘 要〗通过在宜兴市3个监测站点对细颗粒物(PM2.5)开展不同季节采样,对样品做化学分析,结合化学质量平衡(CMB)模型解析PM2.5来源贡献。结果表明,宜兴市PM2.5年均质量浓度为37.5 μg/m3,冬季质量浓度最高,为 53.1 μg/m3。PM2.5主要化学成分为SO2-4、NO-3、OC、EC、NH+4、Cl-、Ca、Na、Al。PM2.5的主要排放源贡献为二次硫酸盐(21.0%)、二次有机气溶胶(14.9%)、二次硝酸盐(14.1%)和燃煤电厂(8.0%)。利用本地排放源清单进行二次来源解析,得到全年主要排放源贡献为工业(33.1%)、燃煤(23.1%)、移动源(17.6%)、扬尘(9.3%)和其他来源(16.9%)。减轻颗粒物污染,重点是控制工业生产、燃煤及机动车中的排放。
〖关键词〗细颗粒物;化学质量平衡模型;来源解析;宜兴
Abstract〗In this study, fine particles were sampled at three environmental monitoring stations at all seasons in Yixing, the concentration of their chemical compositions were determined. The source of PM2.5 was analyzed by the chemical mass balance (CMB) model. Results showed that the annual average concentration of PM2.5 in Yixing was 37.5 μg/m3. The concentration of 53.1 μg/m3 in winter was the highest. The main chemical compositions of PM2.5 were SO2-4, NO-3, OC, EC, NH+4, Cl-, Ca, Na and Al, and the main sources were secondary sulfate (21.0%), secondary organic aerosol (14.9%), secondary nitrate (14.1%) and coalfired power plant (8.0%). With local emission inventory, the main sources of emission were from industry (33.1%), coal combustion (23.1%), vehicle exhaust (17.6%), dust (9.3%) and other sources (16.9%) according to secondary source apportionment. The key point of reducing particulate pollution was controlling the emission from industry, coal combustion and vehicle.
Key words〗PM2.5; Chemical mass balance model; Source apportionment on fine particles; Yixing
〖基金〗国家自然科学基金资助项目(91544230,41575145,41621005);国家重点研发计划基金资助项目(2016YFC0208504,2016YFC0203303);国家重点基础研究发展计划基金资助项目(2014CB441203)
 
〖篇 名〗城市污染底泥及其蜂窝煤产品的浸出毒性研究
〖作 者〗论东东, 夏锦梦, 李玉宝*
〖机 构〗温州大学生命与环境科学学院
〖摘 要〗为了充分利用污染底泥中蕴含的能量,提出了一种以煤粉混合不同比例的污染底泥制作蜂窝煤的资源化途径。经检测,当底泥的添加量为30%时,可以生产出各项指标均符合《民用蜂窝煤》 (GB/T 13593—1992)标准的底泥制蜂窝煤,同时探讨了高温焚烧对底泥制蜂窝煤中重金属的固化效果,以及不同pH值的酸雨对底泥制蜂窝煤焚烧灰渣中重金属浸出效果的影响,发现5种重金属的残渣态均有显著提高,说明高温焚烧对重金属有很好的固化效果。此外,不同pH值对不同重金属的浸出效果影响均不同。在温州市酸雨的影响下,灰渣中重金属的浸出量均低于生活垃圾填埋场污染物控制标准,可作生活垃圾填埋。
〖关键词〗城市污染底泥;蜂窝煤灰渣;重金属形态;浸出毒性
Abstract〗In order to take full advantage of the calorific value of contaminated sediments, one resource utilization way was brought up to manufacture honeycomb briquette by mixing coal with different proportions of contaminated sediments. Results indicated that when sediment accounted for 30%, the honeycomb briquette product could meet the national standard GB/T 13593—1992. Heavy metal curingeffect in honeycomb briquette by incineration and heavy metal leaching effect by acid rain at different pH values were considered. Results showed that the residual of 5 heavy metals were significantly increased, accounting for good curingeffect. Heavy metal leaching effect varied with acid rain at different pH values. Under the acid rain condition in Wenzhou, the leaching of heavy metal in ash were lower than that of the control standards and the residue could be disposed as household garbage.
Key words〗Contaminated sediments; Ashes; Heavy metals speciation; Leaching toxicity
〖基金〗温州市科技计划基金资助项目(S20150022)
 
〖篇 名〗粉煤灰吸附净化含铅废水实验研究
〖作 者〗伊元荣1,2,3,郑曼迪1,2,杜昀聪1,3
〖机 构〗1.新疆大学资源与环境科学学院 2.新疆大学绿洲教育部重点实验室 3.智慧城市与环境建模自治区高校重点实验室
〖摘 要〗以粉煤灰为吸附材料,模拟含铅离子废水,探讨吸附时间、pH值、温度、投灰量、离子浓度5个因素对粉煤灰吸附重金属效率的影响;并设计五因素四水平的正交实验,经过均值分析和方差分析数据得出最佳水平组,结果表明:当离子质量浓度60 mg/L、吸附时间90 min、投灰量5.0 g、pH值6.0、温度20 ℃时吸附效果最好。单因素分析得出,当吸附时间90 min、pH值6.0、温度50 ℃、投灰量5.0 g、离子质量浓度30 mg/L时吸附效果相对较好,单因素方差分析也证明以上5种因子对粉煤灰吸附铅离子具有显著性差异。
〖关键词〗粉煤灰;含铅废水;吸附净化
Abstract〗The influences of time, pH value, temperature, ash dosage and ions concentration on Pb removal from simulated wastewater with fly ash as adsorbent were investigated. Through orthogonal experiment designed by five factors and four levels, and analysis of mean value and variance, the optimum conditions were obtained, i.e., ions concentration 60 mg/L, time 90 min, ash dosage 5.0 g, pH value 6.0 and temperature 20 ℃. Results of single factor analysis showed the adsorbing effect was relatively good inh the conditions of time 90 min, pH value 6.0, temperature 50 ℃, ash dosage 5.0 g and ions concentration 30 mg/L. Results of single factor variance analysis approved that these five factors had significant different effects on Pb removal by fly ash.
Key words〗Fly ash; Pbcontaining wastewater; Adsorbing experiment
〖基金〗新疆维吾尔自治区自然科学基金资助项目(2017D01C024)
 
〖篇 名〗兰州市土壤中PAHs和PCBs的分布特征及风险评价
〖作 者〗丁海霞,陶雪梅,吕康乐,张宁
〖机 构〗甘肃省环境监测中心站
〖摘 要〗通过采集兰州市各功能区表层土壤样品,分析土壤中PAHs和PCBs的分布特征及潜在风险。结果表明,兰州市土壤中16种PAHs的平均质量比为5 734 μg/kg, 其中7种致癌芳烃的平均质量比为276 μg/kg;18种PCBs的平均质量比为45.9 μg/kg,其中7种指示性PCBs的平均质量比为10.8  μg/kg。风险评价结果表明,除苊为高生态风险外,兰州市土壤中PAHs其他组分和PCBs均处于低中生态风险。16种PAHs的毒性当量浓度为59.9 μg/kg,主要贡献者为苯并[a]芘和苯并[b]荧蒽;7种指示性PCBs的毒性当量浓度为1.96×10-4 μg/kg,主要贡献来源为PCB138和PCB118。
〖关键词〗多环芳烃;多氯联苯;分布特征;风险评价;土壤;兰州
Abstract〗In order to investigate the distribution characteristics and potential risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soils of Lanzhou, topsoil samples were collected from different functional zones. Results showed that the average mass ratio of 16 PAHs was 5 734 μg/kg, in which the average value of 7 carcinogenic PAHs was 276 μg/kg. The average mass ratio of 18 PCBs was 45.9 μg/kg, in which the average value of 7 indicator PCBs was 10.8 μg/kg. Ecological risk assessment showed that except for acenaphthene, which was at a high ecological risk level, other components of PAHs and PCBs in soils of Lanzhou were all at low or moderate risk level. The toxicity equivalent concentrations of 16 PAHs was 59.9 μg/kg, benzo[a]pyrene and benzo[b]fluorathene were the mainly contributors. The toxicity equivalent concentrations of 7 indicator PCBs was 1.96×10-4 μg/kg, PCB138 and PCB118 were the main contributors.
Key words〗PAHs; PCBs; Distribution characteristics; Risk analysis; Soils; Lanzhou
〖基金〗甘肃省环境保护厅科研课题基金资助项目(GSEP-2015-10)
 
〖篇 名〗霞湾港沉积物铅形态及垂直分布特征
〖作 者〗刘荔彬,朱瑞瑞,罗岳平*,朱日龙,于磊,林海兰
〖机 构〗湖南省环境监测中心站,国家环境保护重金属污染监测重点实验室
〖摘 要〗采用Tessier五步浸提法对湘江霞湾港的沉积物垂直样品进行处理,分别提取可交换态、碳酸盐结合态、铁锰氧化物结合态、有机结合态和残渣态5种形态的铅,并采用电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法(ICPAES)测定其含量。结果表明,位于霞湾港下游的采样点2的铅污染较严重。3个采样点位沉积物中的铅总质量比为116.52 mg/kg~262.85 mg/kg,不同深度沉积物中铅主要以铁锰氧化物态和残渣态存在,其比例为60.5%~87.0%,而可被生物吸收利用的有效态(碳酸盐结合态和可交换态)铅占比相对较低,仅为2.8%~11.1%。
〖关键词〗铅形态;垂直分布;沉积物;霞湾港
Abstract〗Tessier sequential extraction procedure was applied to the speciation analysis of lead in sediments of Xiawan Port. The speciation of lead was partitioned into five: exchangeable speciation, carbonate binding species, FeMn oxide binding species, organic binding species and residual. Lead was determined by inductively coupled plasmaatomic emission spectrometry (ICPAES). The results showed that lead pollution was the most serious at sampling site No.2, downriver Xiawan Port. The concentrations of lead from the three sampling sites were in 116.52 mg/kg ~262.85 mg/kg. In different depths of sediment, lead existed mainly in FeMn oxide binding and residual species, accounting for 60.5%~87.0%. The percent of lead in available form (including carbonate binding and exchangeable species) was very low, only 2.8%~11.1%.
Key words〗Lead speciation; Vertical distribution; Sediments; Xiawan Port
〖基金〗环保公益性行业科研专项“重点防控重金属关键先进监测技术适用性研究”基金资助项目(20130950)
 
〖篇 名〗养殖对虾中抗生素的残留及其健康风险
〖作 者〗王明珠1,陈玲1*,赵宏宇1,薛瑞1,施建忠2,李飞鹏3
〖机 构〗1.同济大学环境科学与工程学院 2.宁波慈溪市龙武渔业合作社 3.上海理工大学环境与建筑学院
〖摘 要〗抗生素通常被用于对虾养殖中防治虾病。基于国内外文献资料,归纳分析了抗生素在对虾养殖中的使用情况。结果表明,1993—2016年间,已有9大类31种抗生素主要以药浴法和拌饵料口服法的给药途径应用于对虾养殖中。国内外对虾体内均有检出氯霉素、硝基呋喃类等禁用药物,且我国部分允许使用的抗生素(土霉素、恩诺沙星和磺胺类)含量超标,最高残留浓度比限值高一个数量级。水产品中的残留抗生素可能给食用人群带来潜在健康风险,目前其评价方法仍有限。对今后开展对虾体内抗生素残留研究工作提出了建议。
〖关键词〗抗生素;养殖对虾;残留;健康风险评价
Abstract〗Antibiotics were commonly applied in shrimp aquaculture for disease preventing and treating. 〖JP2〗Based on domestic and foreign literature, this paper summarized antibiotics used in shrimp aquaculture, a total of 31 antibiotics in nine categories were reported for use, mainly via medicated bath and oral administration (1993—2016). Banned antibiotics (e.g., chloramphenicol and nitrofurans) were detected in shrimp at home and abroad. Residual concentrations of some authorized antibiotics in China (oxytetracycline, enrofloxacin and sulfonamides) exceeded the national maximum allowable residue value, some even 10 times higher.〖JP〗 The consumerspotential health risks exposed by antibiotics via aquatic products consumption, while risk assessment methods were still limited. At last, some suggestions on the research of antibiotic residues in shrimp were provided.
Key words〗Antibiotics; Farmed shrimp; Residue; Health risk assessment
〖基金〗农业部重大农业实用技术推广基金资助项目(ZN201705)
 
〖篇 名〗噪声地图在环境噪声监测中的应用
〖作 者〗李燕超1,2,刘志红1,2,仪垂杰2,王文明1,2,楚雅杰1,2
〖机 构〗1.青岛理工大学机械工程学院 2.青岛理工大学工业流体节能与污染控制教育部重点实验室
〖摘 要〗以青岛理工大学新校区为例,采用变网格划分法,研究了基于地理信息系统(GIS)的噪声地图在区域环境噪声评价方面的应用。结果表明,噪声预测系统结合GIS,以数字与渲染图的方式能够直观地展现噪声污染在环境区域的分布状况,可用于指导区域的规划和环境噪声评价。
〖关键词〗噪声污染;噪声地图;变网格划分法;环境噪声评价
Abstract〗In this paper, the new campus of Qingdao University of Technology was taken as an example, variable grid division method was applied for regional environmental noise assessment based on noise map by GIS. The results showed that noise prediction system and geographic information system (GIS) could intuitively reveal the distribution of noise pollution in the environment, and be used for regional planning guidance and environmental noise evaluation in a digital and graphical way.
Key words〗Noise pollution; Noise map; Variable grid; Environmental noise evaluation
〖基金〗国家自然科学基金资助项目(61671262,61401245)
 
〖篇 名〗环境空气中多种羰基化合物的测定
〖作 者〗范智超,王斐,和莹,马文鹏
〖机 构〗陕西省环境监测中心站
〖摘 要〗利用2, 4-二硝基苯肼(DNPH)固相萃取在线吸附衍生高效液相色谱-二极管阵列 (HPLCPDA) 测定环境空气中的22种羰基化合物,通过试验优化条件,使方法在6.00 μg/L~1 800 μg/L范围内线性良好,方法检出限为0.025 μg/m3~0.091 μg/m3,加标回收率为93.2%~108%,平行样相对标准偏差<10%。
〖关键词〗羰基化合物;固相衍生;高效液相色谱法;环境空气
Abstract〗An analytical method for the simultaneous determination of 22 carbonyl compounds was developed using online derivatization 2,4Dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) solid phase extraction combined with HPLCPDA. The method showed good linearity between 6.00 μg/L~1 800 μg/L (linear correlation coefficient R2 > 0.999). The limits of detection (LOD) ranged from 0.025 μg/m3 to 0.091 μg/m3 and the limits of quantification (LOQ) ranged from 0.10 μg/m3 to 0.36 μg/m3.The spiked recoveries ranged from 93.2% to 108%, the RSD was less than 10%. 
Key words〗Carbonyl compounds; Solid phase derivatization; HPLC; Ambient air
〖基金〗陕西省自然科学基础研究计划基金资助项目(No.2014JM2-2013)
 
〖篇 名〗基于QuEChERS提取法优化的液相色谱-串联质谱法测定水中多种除草剂
〖作 者〗张艳1,2,潘静娴2*
〖机 构〗1.大同煤矿集团有限责任公司供水分公司 2.上海师范大学,生命与环境学院
〖摘 要〗基于QuEChERS提取方法,用液相色谱-串联质谱法测定水中14种常见除草剂,通过优化样品前处理条件,使14种除草剂在0.005 mg/L~0.500 mg/L范围内线性良好,相关系数均>0.99,方法检出限为0.005 mg/L。空白水样3个质量浓度水平的加标回收率为74.5%~109%,5次测定结果的RSD为3.9%~11.4%。将该方法用于测定长江流域3个重点城市的水体,结果为未检出。
〖关键词〗除草剂;快速简便提取法;液相色谱-串联质谱法;水质
Abstract〗A multiresidue analyses method for the rapid determination of 14 herbicide residues in water samples was developed by using QuEChERS extraction and high performance liquid chromatograph tandem mass spectrometry (LCMS/MS). In the optimized QuEChERS conditions, the method had good linearity in the range of 0.005 mg/L~0.500 mg/L, with the correlation coefficient greater than 0.99. The lowest detection concentrations were all 0.005 mg/L. The spiked recoveries of blank samples were in the range of 74.5%~109%, and the relative standard deviation ranged from 3.9% to 11.4%. The results showed that the method was rapid, accurate and sensitive for the determination of 14 herbicide residues in water samples.
Key words〗Herbicides; QuEChERS; LCMS/MS; Water quality
〖基金〗上海市教委植物种质资源创新平台基金资助项目(B-6010-11-001)
 
〖篇 名〗SPE-HPLC法测定固体废物浸出液中苯酚类物质
〖作 者〗林建,周庆云,薛晓康,王凯越
〖机 构〗上海化工研究院检测中心,上海化学品公共安全技术研究中心
〖摘 要〗选择Agilent Bond Elut Plexa作为固相萃取柱,结合高效液相色谱测定固体废物浸出液中12种苯酚类化合物,通过试验优化条件,使目标物在0.100 mg/L~10.0 mg/L范围内线性良好,方法检出限在0.004 μg/L~0.068 μg/L之间,3个质量浓度水平加标回收率为78.0%~105%,测定6次结果的RSD为0.7%~5.0%。将该方法用于测定江苏省某工业园区污水处理企业5个废水处理污泥样品,结果2,4,6-三氯苯酚和2,4-二硝基苯酚检出。
〖关键词〗苯酚类化合物;固相萃取;高效液相色谱法;固体废物浸出液
Abstract〗A method has been established to determine twelve kinds of phenolic compounds by Agilent Bond Elut Plexa for the extraction column and high performance liquid chromatography. Good linearity was achieved in the concentration range of 0.100 mg/L~10.0 mg/L for the twelve target compounds by optimiazing the pretreatment process and the instrument conditions, the method detection limit for each compound ranged from 0.004 μg/L to 0.068 μg/L , the recovery for three mass concentration level was beteen 78.0%~105%,the RSD of six times were 0.7%~5.0%. The method was applied to the determination of five wastewater treatment sludge samples in a sewage treatment enterprise of an industrial park in jiangsu Province, the result showed that the 2,4,6Trichlorophenol and 2,4dinitrophenol were detected.
Key words〗Phenolic compounds; SPE; HPLC; Leaching solution
〖基金〗上海市国资委企业技术创新和能级提升基金资助项目(2016006号)
 
〖篇 名〗环境中寄生虫(卵)的检测方法及回收率
〖作 者〗张小琼1,2,黄鑫3,张晟3,徐东炯1,2,涂保华3*
〖机 构〗1.江苏省环境保护水环境生物监测重点实验室 2.常州市环境监测中心
〖摘 要〗环境中常见的寄生虫(卵)有蛔虫、肝吸虫、血吸虫、贾第鞭毛虫和隐孢子虫等,针对其特点已形成以虫卵密度、免疫和血清特性等为基础的检测方法,比较分析不同寄生虫不同检测方法的准确度、精确度、回收率差异及优缺性,为实际工作提供技术依据。
〖关键词〗寄生虫(卵);检测方法;回收率
Abstract〗Common parasites in the environment are Roundworm, liver fluke, blood fluke, giardia, cryptosporidium and so on. According to their characteristics, some detection methods were established based on ova density, immunity and serological property. The accuracy, precision, recovery rate, advantages and drawbacks of different methods for detecting parasites were analyzed in order to provide technical basis for practical work.
Key words〗Parasitic ova; Detection method; Recovery rate
〖基金〗国家环境保护标准制修订基金资助项目(989);南通市科技基金资助项目(MS32015012)
 
〖篇 名〗苏州高新区典型行业VOCs排放特征及控制对策探讨
〖作 者〗许震1,张峰1,刘志伟1,姚坚2,王逸虹3
〖机 构〗1.江苏康达检测技术股份有限公司 2.苏州高新区、虎丘区环境监测站 3.苏州市环境监测中心
〖摘 要〗通过资料收集和现场调研估算苏州高新技术产业园区VOCs 排放量,对区内典型行业VOCs污染物特征组分做分析,并简述其区域内典型行业VOCs 治理技术的现况,分析了排放现状特征和控制难点。基于对国内外工业VOCs 污染控制措施研究,提出对VOCs污染控制的对策和建议。
〖关键词〗挥发性有机物;排放特征;治理技术;控制对策;苏州高新区;典型行业
Abstract〗The VOCs emission from Suzhou Hightech Industrial Zone was estimated by data collection and field investigation. The characteristic components of VOCs pollutants in typical industries were analyzed, the situation of treatment technology was sketched, and the emission characteristics and controlling difficulties were discussed. Some countermeasures and suggestions were proposed for VOCs pollution control based on the research at home and abroad.
Key words〗Volatile organic compounds (VOCs); Emission characteristics; Control technology; Control countermeasures; Suzhou High tech Zone; Typical industries
〖基金〗苏州市环保科研基金资助项目(201510)
 
〖篇 名〗引哈济党工程对苏干湖湿地天然植被的影响
〖作 者〗李影,刘康*,高艳,马桥,王敏
〖机 构〗西北大学城市与环境学院
〖摘 要〗根据Processing MODFLOW模型对调水后大苏干湖区面积和湿地地下水位的影响预测结果,初步确立引哈济党工程适宜调水量,并在各调水方案的基础上,以干旱区天然植被与地下水的定量关系为依据,分析预测地下水位下降对湿地天然植被的影响。结果表明:不同工况引水50 a后,大苏干湖湖泊面积减少均不超过8%;湿地地下水水位0 m~1 m区面积将持续下降,最大减少17 km2;湿地天然植被部分将发生演替,主要由湿生植被向中、旱生植被演变,影响集中在两湖间河道湿地及湿地外围边缘地带。
〖关键词〗引哈济党工程;调水;影响预测;苏干湖湿地
Abstract〗According to the prediction of lake area and wetland groundwater level in Big Sugan Lake by Processing MODFLOW model after water diversion, the rational water quantity was preliminary confirmed. On the basis of each water diversion project, the impact of groundwater level decline on wetland natural vegetation was predicted by the quantitative relationship between natural vegetation and groundwater in arid region. The results showed that after 50 years of water diversion under different conditions, the area of Big Sugan Lake would decrease 8% at most, the area of 0 m~1 m wetland groundwater level would reduce continuously, to the maximum of 17 km2. Succession would occur at part of the wetland natural vegetation, mainly from wetland vegetation to mesoxerophytes, in the rivers between the two lakes and the periphery of the wetland. 
Key words〗Yinhajidang project; Water diversion; Impact prediction; Sugan Lake wetland
〖基金〗国家发展和改革委员会“敦煌水资源合理利用与生态保护综合规划”课题基金资助项目(发改农经[2011]1498号)
 
〖篇 名〗宜兴市环保产业供给侧改革的启示与建议
〖作 者〗钱步云,朱轶凡,邓朝锦,肖扬,曹佳桐
〖机 构〗上海财经大学
〖摘 要〗当前我国环保产业普遍存在着企业规模较小、缺乏核心技术、中低端供给过剩、优质供给不足等现象,环保产业的供给侧水平明显无法满足日益提高的环境治理需求。以全国最大的环保产业基地宜兴市为例,分析上述问题特质及产生原因,总结政府及企业改革创新中的经验和不足,提出环保产业供给侧改革的参考对策与建议。
〖关键词〗环保产业;供给侧结构性改革;同质化竞争;资本合作;产品创新
Abstract〗Nowadays, several problems exist in the environmental industry in our country, like small size of enterprise, lack of core technology, excess supply in medium and low end products, and insufficient supply of high quality products. The supply from environmental industries apparently failed to meet the increasing demands of environmental governance. This paper conducted a case study in Yixing, the national largest environmental industrial base, to analyze the characteristics and causes of above problems, summarize the strengths and weaknesses of government and enterprise reform and innovation, and put forward some countermeasures and suggestions for supplyside reform in the environmental industry.
Key words〗Environmental industry; Supplyside reform; Homogenization competition; Capital cooperation; Product innovation
〖基金〗国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项“城市核心区水环境改善技术研究与综合示范”基金资助项目(2014ZX07305-002)
 
〖篇 名〗加油站在线监控模块在油气回收设施长效管理中的应用
〖作 者〗卞吉玮,刘娟,黄伟民
〖机 构〗上海市环境监测中心
〖摘 要〗以上海市为例,分析了加油站油气回收设施的运行现状,以及存在的内部管理制度落实不到位、治理设施维保难落实等问题,并在此基础上提出了加油站在线监控模块的设计思路。对加油站的跟踪测试表明,应用汽油枪气液比在线监控数据,有助于及时判定故障和报修,降低油气回收设备的维护成本;应用油罐压力在线监控数据,可以有效反映卸油时的油气泄漏情况,便于对卸油全过程实施监控。
〖关键词〗在线监控;油气回收设施;气液比;油罐压力;加油站
Abstract〗Taking Shanghai as an example, this paper analyzed the current operation status of vapor recovery system in gas station and the problems of failing to carry out inner management system and facility maintenance, presented the idea of how to design the online monitoring module. Results from tracking monitoring showed that online data of vaporliquid ratio could be used for timely fault judgment, and cutting the maintenance cost. Online data of vapor space pressure could be used for supervising oil or gas leak in the whole process of oil unloading.
Key words〗Online monitoring; Vapor recovery; Vaporliquid volume ratio; Vapor space pressure; Gas station